The Aeris Argumentum

Aeris

Argumentum


Proposition of Earth Cyclic Climate Change via Expanding Intra-Thermonuclear Explosion


Preface

The approach we take as observers is that of a technician with a tool-bag. Multiple paradigmatic approaches to any situation in turn reveal more inclusive perspective and thus inclusive information. It is the author’s superfluous intent to include multiple aspects of proposition of existence and therefore provide a network model of information that works from the outside in, slowly reinforcing a single relative idea through multiple approaches. In term’s of relativity, why bring one camera to the show when we can bring three hundred? As with any popular media, multiple cameras are infused to create a view of singular perspective, thus shall the Aeris Argumentum. The canvas before us is a collection of individual paintings, a puzzle of pieces, and multiple approaches to any one situation thus include a glimpse of the entire canvas, and as such, the author strives to provide more tools via perspective. Whereas a single tool provided by a single observation, lends a hand at a single solution, and as such multiple perspectives show us more of the entire picture, and as such, as observers, it is our duty to include multiple perspectives in our approaches.

This research, which is collective network of individual research, all serves to create and reinforce a single proposition, via a propositional network implementation of unitary inference, the network breeds itself, and thus reinforces itself, as a single whole. As global warming advocates place emphasis on Carbon Dioxide, as will the Argumentum, but multiple perspectives are necessary to grasp the whole picture, and thus the whole truth, and inclusive propositions of Sulfuric Acids, Sulfuric Dioxide, Chlorine Radicals & Silicates, Hydro-Chloride, Economics, Physics, Astrophysics, as well as Intra-Thermonuclear expansion and Volcanic Emission vs Human Emission shall too be included in our approach. It is also the author’s intent to provide psychological references to paradigm, as each perspective hold’s a different view, every premise is equally as deniable as their conclusions, and as observations are limited to paradigm, and thus perspective, despite facts presented within any theory, all are equally as unprovable. This is why the author formats the Aeris Argumentum as a network or directory of approaches, all being converted into a single language, Western English, which is a foundation of finite and physical science, and thus limited by finite paradigm and so our format will provide syllogism and logic through medium of approach. The underlying focus of a network approach is again, to see the entire picture as a collection of truths, and as such we are to include multiple observation, instead of focuses of Carbon Dioxide, we are to broaden our search and perspective, as it is those who think they know something, that stop searching. My intent is then to provide more perspectives, more tools, and as the human observational device can thus switch between perspective to arrive at whole inclusive truth, so we will now.


Perspective

We must include all perspectives to see the whole truth.

Premise


Various forms of research indicate that Earth, just as Venus, is undergoing effects of Thermonuclear Expansion, just as when we boil tea, bubbles of gas form seeking a way out, thus expanding our medium to a greater size, and as the earth has expanded, and as we have never ventured to the center of our planet, it assumed physically the same laws of thermodynamics apply, and thus the same processes have occurred deep within our planet’s core over the course of 180 million years ago.

As heat and radiation drive toward the surface at every moment, the only way to then expel this heat is through a wide variety of vents and thus volcanoes which naturally control planetary climate, and have been throughout Earth’s history, via discovered information discerning Earth’s Ice-Ages as well as Venus.

Implications of the Aeris Arumentum include:

  • Our Earth is expanding due to a on-going intra-core thermonuclear explosion taking place over 180 million years ago, and until that core-heat reaches the surface (est 60,000 yrs), cooling patterns are eventuated due to atmospheric increase in volume, via surface expansion.
  • Volcanism will increase in frequency and intensity causing the Earth to enter its final ice-age, which will last abruptly 10,000 years.
  • Core-heat will cause global surface temperatures to rise, ending the ice-age, and that as more and more core-heat reaches the surface, Earth’s future will move to a Venus-type scenario.
  • Volcanic emissions surpass that of human emissions in terms of Sulfuric Acids and Carbon Silicates, which also react with the suspended stratospheric ice crystals formed in abundance over the polar caps where it is naturally cooler due to Earth’s cycles of orbit, wobble, and tilt, thus forming Chlorine Radicals which deplete ozone.
  • Under stratospheric conditions there exists no wind, making human emission less probable as to their affect.
  • Economic conditions reinforce ‘Green’ ideology to ensure economic profits.
  • Earth’s cycles of orbit, tilt, and wobble reinforce global mean cooling, including Earth’s 100,000 year cycle of orbit, the 41,000 year cycle in the tilt of Earth’s axis, and a 23,000 year cycle in the wobble of the axis.
  • Despite areas of ozone depletion, global mean temperatures continue to drop, and have been dropping since 1940.
  • Polar warming is only a process and function of global cooling, and as the ice caps melt, weather patterns increase, naturally spreading the water evenly across Earth’s surface until more solar radiation is reflected than absorbed, to the point where global mean temperature drops below that of water’s evaporation temperature, equating to colder conditions.
  • 11-14 year cycles of solar radiation naturally deplete ozone levels.
  • Human CFC and C02 emissions only serve to occlude the Earth’s natural global cooling plans, and as cooling will hinder organic life as well as devastate humane conditions into greater obstacle, naturally fighting this problem will preserve life via greenhouse emission.
  • The United States law of refusal of R-22 is due to Dupont’s economic influence with R-410a, which is 4-8x expensive, and by banning R-22 we create profits for several refrigeration organizations (refrigerant and mechanical), and as refrigeration is a necessity for consumers, this creates large profits and thus information is being deceitfully presented in order to back economics and monopoly.
  • The Earth, via on-going thermonuclear explosion, controls it’s own temperatures, and has been even before humanity came into existence, including the 4 ice-ages of the past.
  • Increased volcanism will cause major climatic changes worldwide including: Increased cold, frost, storms, crop-failures, droughts, floods, hurricanes, and other disasters.
  • Greenhouse gases tend to trap solar heat and to prevent it from re-radiating out of the biosphere. Ozone depletion results in a greater percentage of incoming solar energy reaching the biosphere. Both Greenhouse and ozone effects operate to heat up the biosphere. Volcanism, on the other hand, operates to cool the biosphere and is, generally, harmful to organic life.
  • The Earth is heating up, by reason of the on-going core explosion occurring 180 million years ago and the Greenhouse effect, however, the biosphere is cooling, due to increasing levels of volcanic ash in atmosphere, which reduce biosphere insulation, and predominate over the greenhouse layer of gas.
  • All of the four ice ages of the last one million years began when volcanic activity in the low latitudes was extraordinarily vigorous.
  • When volcanism reaches a high altitude, its dust levels, within the stratosphere, forming a veil of dust, and has a cooling effect which is greater than the heating effect caused by its carbon dioxide emissions (Greenhouse effect). Such has been the case during the last 4 Quaternary ice ages.
  • Climatic changes may be unpredictable, large and sudden and may not necessarily always be warming. A 5% drop in the amount of solar radiation reaching the surface could cause the global mean temperature to fall by as much as five degrees Celsius.
  • The most reliable indicators of present ice-age re-entry are:
    • Extension of glaciers.
    • Greater incidence of icebergs and drift-ice.
    • Increased South-North/North-South air-flows, with reduced East-West/West-East air-flows.
    • Greater latitudinal uniformity of climate.
    • Increase of land-based waters.
    • Decrease of sea level waters.

  • Volcanism increases and enhances the stratospheric de-insulation layer of sulfuric dust and results in decreased biospheric mean temperatures, and also results in a heating up of the stratosphere both at and above the de-insulation layer. During lulls between volcanic activities the de-insulation layer weakens and the summer temperatures rise. As the warm stratosphere reduces the power of the altitudinal heat-sink, an oven effect comes into play, followed by increased North-South/South-North air-flows to higher latitudes, and a decrease of East-West/West-East air-flows. However, the cooling effect reasserts its dominance in the winter as the earth moves it’s orbit from the source of solar radiation. The increased North-South/South-North air-flows increase rainfalls generally and, in winter, this builds the incidence of snow, ice, and cold land-waters particularly in the mid-latitudes.
  • The evidence (of carbon dioxide levels in marine micro-fossils) indicates that the previous interglacial, which ended 75,000 years ago, had high carbon dioxide levels and was even warmer than the present interglacial but still this was unable to prevent or preclude the onset of the last ice-age. Current high carbon dioxide levels (and their greenhouse effects) will probably not prevent the onset of another ice-age.
  • There has been a high correlation between temperature levels and carbon dioxide levels over the past 160,000 years. This, of course, is not in itself proof that high levels of carbon dioxide cause global warming or prevent global cooling.
  • The warmer the oceans, the more carbon dioxide is released from oceans into atmosphere.
  • When the ice sheets began to melt about 16,000 years ago, the quantities of atmospheric carbon dioxide increased rapidly.
  • The sulfurous aerosols, emitted by volcanic activity, de-insulate at 15-30 kilometers altitude while the heavier carbon dioxide emissions remain at a much lower altitude. The cooling effects of volcanism predominate over heating effects of carbon dioxide.
  • An increased level of atmospheric carbon dioxide raises temperature, via the greenhouse effect, and results in increased evaporation and rainfall. As surface waters increase, their albedo effect reduces temperature, which reduces the level of atmospheric carbon dioxide.
  • Dry conditions promote forest fires, which produce soot, which absorbs solar radiation, which heats the biosphere via carbon dioxide.
  • Volcanic activity releases approximately one billion kilograms of sulfur annually, as sulfur dioxide.
  • The mass of natural aerosols in atmosphere is estimated to be 4-5 times greater than the mass of man-produced aerosols in atmosphere, on a global scale.
  • It is estimated that approximately 50% of carbon dioxide produced from fossil-fuel burning is taken up by the oceans.

Thermonuclear Expansion Proposition

THE Aeris Argumentum introduces and expands upon the theory of intra-explosion, which is what has created the Earth’s ventilation system, and through this system of volcanoes and vents, the Earth naturally ejects (and creates) it’s own atmosphere with climate controlling gasses, and in a greater capacitance than that of man kind emissions. Before the thermonuclear explosion of 180 million years ago, the Earth’s inner core consisted, as now, of primitive undifferentiated solar matter, and mainly of hydrogen. Such an inheritance of radioactive inner-core material provided the hydrogen isotopes and preconditions for a thermonuclear explosion sequence to eventuate. As contraction of the cooling mantle progressively reduced the volume of the inner-core plasma, the temperature/pressure of the plasma increased (as to the square of the constricting/pinch energy applied), causing a thermonuclear explosion to occur. The Earth’s active ventilation system, including ‘blow-out’ areas such as volcanoes were established during this early period and continue to expel the expanding matter and as it rises out from the core. Energy is lost as the flowing matter is moved further away from the heated core, and matter changes state from plasma, to gas, to liquid, to solid (land). As escaping matter is thus cooled throughout the journey from the core, the ‘vents’ often ‘clog’, thus reinforcing thermonuclear explosion. The pressure/temperature created by these conditions reinforce the reaction and perpetuate it as the earth begins to expand and move due to inner-exploding conditions. The core-explosion heat, coming closer to the surface, is the cause of increased volcanism over the past two million years, and its accompanying ice-ages. The episodic pattern of quaternary volcanism and ice-ages, is probably due to convection variations in various parts of the mantle.

The pre-explosion scenario we refer to of 250-180 million years ago is worthy of note. During this 70 million year period of the Triassic and Jurassic eras, the Earth’s surface was all land and conformed to a tight and crunched aggregated land mass, known as Pangea, totaling to 52 million square miles in area. Thus, the pre-explosion land area was 5 million square miles less than the present total land area of 57 million square miles. ‘New’, post-explosion lands include north-eastern Siberia, a large part of south-east Asia, Japan, Philippines, Indonesia, East Indies, west coasts of North and South America, Central America, West Indies, Turkey, northern Iraq, and Iran. The Earth, of 250-180 million years ago, had become contracted to a volume of 35 billion cubic miles, as compared with the present 258 billion cubic miles. Earth mass remained constant throughout Earth-history and, in the period before the explosion, surface gravity was high. All of the then land masses had become jammed together, and buckling and lifting had taken place due to the contraction and subsidence of the underlying lithosphere causing large fissures to open up, through which most surface waters drained back into the mantle. The Earth’s surface was dry and barren, and gravity was high, and we are to note that approximately 95% of the then flora and fauna died.

Expansion Models

New land and crustal additions most commonly issue from construction ridges formed from the thermonuclear explosion. Of the 145 million square miles added to the surface since the core explosion 180 million years ago, only 5 million square miles have been by way of additions to land, whereas 140 million have been by way of ocean-floor extensions. (Note: Six million square miles were technically added to land, but one sixth was lost to subsidence and inundation).

When we research into the nature of the six million square miles of new lands referred to in the previous proposition and from here on out, we find that the lands fall into the following categories:

  • (1) Lands added during the initial blow-out period (180-140 million years ago) – approximately 3.0 million square miles.
  • (2) Lands added by subduction-forced uplift, where major sections of ocean-floors have been subducted under continental coasts (primarily, the west coasts of the Americas) – approximately 1.5 million square miles.
  • (3) Lands added interstitially, as ocean floors precessed continental land-masses. The Pacific ocean floor has precessed the Euro-Asian land-mass eastwards, causing new lands to rise and the numerous additions include parts of Japan, Philippines, Indonesia, northern New Guinea, New Caledonia, northern New Zealand, and many smaller west Pacific islands – approximately 1.0 million square miles.
  • (4) Lands added, by sedimentary construction, in river delta areas – approximately 0.5 million square miles.

Over the past 180 million years the under-ocean construction ridges have spread globally and now total approximately 33,000 miles in length, as follows:

Pacific ocean ridges c. 11,000 miles
Indian Ocean ridges c. 10,000 miles
Atlantic Ocean ridges c. 10,000 miles
Arctic Ocean ridges c. 2,000 miles
Total c. 33,000 miles

Atlantic Global Diagram (above)


Pacific Global Diagram (above)


Euro/Asian Global Diagram (above)

Indian Global Diagram (above)

Arctic Global Diagram (above)


North American Global Diagram (above)


The geological area known as The Mariana Trench was the greatest ‘blow-out’ zone of the core explosion 180 million years ago. The Mariana Trench formed from this explosion occurring 180 million years ago opening up a seaway between the south Asia coast and India. The associated oceanic construction ridge fed out and spread fan-wise eastwards, creating the early Indian ocean floor and then the Pacific Ocean floor. The core explosion caused the Earth’s volume to expand, and vast areas of new ocean floor were created. Most of the Pacific ocean crust has issued from the rapidly growing construction ridge which had its origin in the Mariana Trench blow-out of 180 million years ago. The Tongan and Kermadec Trenches marked the 180 million year ago separation of the eastern coasts, of Australia and Antarctica, from the western coast of North America. Before the core explosion 180 million years ago, the coasts of southwestern Europe were adjacent to the west African coast, and Gibralta was adjacent to Cape Palmas. The 180 million year ago blow-out caused these coasts to separate, and a seaway was opened up, and southern Europe moved 1,500 miles east relative to the African coasts, all Pangean crust split into two major assemblies – the northern (Euro-Asia, North America and Greenland), and the southern (Africa, Arabia, India, South America, Antarctica and Australia). The northern assembly was 23.4 million square miles in area, and the southern was 28.6 million square miles and the old Pangean crust was split into two halves, and a continuous seaway opened up between the two assemblies.

As described, the center of the 180 million year ago surface blow-out was the Marianas Trench, situated then between Northern India and the Euro-Asian continent. The Marianas blow-out developed into the Pacific construction ridge. The point made now is that the 180 million year ago blow-out caused huge fissures to open up along the line of separation of the northern and southern assemblies. The Philippines, Marianas, Bonin, Izu, Japan, Kuril, Aleutian, Tongan and Kermadec deep-trenches formed one continuous crack-line, at the 180 million year ago blow-out. Only the Marianas section became a major construction system.

From  the blow-out of 180 million years ago , the Philippines Trench opened up along the Somali Peninsula and the margin of South Arabia; the Marianas Trench continued across northern India; the Bonin-Izu-Japan-Kuril-Aleutian trenches continued from northern India around the north-west, northern and north-east coasts of Australia. And the Tongan/Kermadec Trenches continued down the east coast of Australia and the then adjacent coast of Antarctica. This crack-line divided India and Australia, on the south, from Euro-Asia on the north, and western North America from Australia and Antarctica.

As noted in the expansion models, great land masses have developed and in fact moved further apart. The development of the ocean floors has greatly changed the relative positioning of the deep-trenches. The Tongan-Kermadec Trenches are now separated from the Kuril Trench by 4,500 miles of ocean floors. None of these floors existed 180 million years ago. The Tongan-Kermadec Trenches remained adjacent to Australia and Antarctica until Australia moved north and away from Antarctic, about 45 million years ago. The relative positioning of the deep-trench Philippines to Kuril line has changed dramatically in relation to the Asian coast. The south Asian coast has moved 1,500 miles east relative to north Africa since 180 million years ago and the Indian Ocean has opened up, and also the South China and Philippine Seas. Further, the inertial drag, of Euro-Asia, has caused the Pacific Ocean floors to precess the Asian land-mass, moving the southern section of the trench system further away from Asia. The net result of all these factors has been the removal of the Philippines Trench to its present position 4,500 miles east of its 180 million year ago ‘birthplace’ alongside the Somali and Arabian coasts. The Mid-Atlantic construction ridge has a rate of divergence of about 5cms per year., while the East-Pacific ridge has a rate of divergence of about 15cms per year.

Since 140 million years ago, the under-ocean construction ridge system has been developing and extending, and became an effective mechanism for the production of new Earth-crust, that is until 2 million years ago. At that stage, under-ocean construction ridge activity became frustrated around the Pacific rim, and resulted in a major upsurge of land volcanism, accompanied by ice-ages (consequent upon a build-up of the stratospheric de-insulation layer via volcanic emissions). Throughout Earth-history, it has been rare for the poles to be covered with ice but, during the past 2 million years, the poles have been continually iced. The Aeries Argumentum argues the primary cause of this icing has been the greater incidence of volcanic emissions, with their de-insulating effect via the stratospheric veil.

From 220-3 million years ago, the Earth’s climate was fairly uniform. The tropical and sub-tropical belts extended down to the mid-latitudes, and the cold belts were in the high latitudes close to the poles.

There is some evidence that the Earth’s mean air temperature dropped from 23 degrees C to 17 degrees C over the period 80-20 million years ago and that mean air temperatures below 14 degrees C (the present level) have been confined to the past 2.5 million years. From this evidence, we may speculate that volcanism may have increased gradually from 80 million years ago and intensified over the past 2.5 million years, as volcanic emissions and the stratospheric veil of dust serve to cool the earth.

At least two ice-ages occurred between 2.5 and .5 million years ago and at least four ice-ages occurred between .5 million years ago and 10,000 years ago. The theory developed within the Aeries Argumentum is that core-explosion heat is coming ever closer to the surface and as it does so volcanism increases progressively and with it increasing stratospheric de-insulation, creating ice-ages. The theory includes the concept that the Earth, as a whole, is heating up and that the biosphere is cooling in this penultimate phase but that, when the core-explosion heat actually reaches the surface, a Venus-type scenario will develop.

In the present interglacial period, temperature peaked about 4,000-6,000 years ago. The Earth’s mean air temperature is now dropping, as the Earth heads towards another ice-age. The suddenness of onset of the next ice-age will depend on the incidence of de-insulating volcanism.

As the world’s climate has been cooling since 1940, and as the onset of an ice-age may occur within a 100-year (or less) period, we may be well advanced in a phase of ice-age re-entry.

Available data, on the four past previous ice ages, IE: the 4 ‘quaternary’ ice-ages, shows:

  • (1) That, the ice-ages follow a trend of progressively colder temperatures, progressing past the cold-peak of each ice-age, as the series approaches present time.
  • (2) That, of the past 70,000 years, only the last 10,000 years have been close to present day temperatures.
  • (3) That, over the past 2.5 million years, temperatures have been lower than present 63% of the time.
  • (4) That, over the past 70,000 years, temperatures have been lower than present 91% of the time.

As upsurges of volcanism are the proximate causes of ice-ages, the de-insulating (cooling) effects of volcanism must dominate over, and affect the ozone depletion (heating) effects of volcanism. Once a period of cold has been started, its own effects tend to intensify it even by short periods of heating (inter-glacial periods). As ice accumulates, it reflects more and more of the solar heat back into space, and period heating patterns are required to influence the weather and climate patterns to distribute the water across the surface of the earth in order to eventuate this. During an ice-age, mid-latitude precipitation is dramatically increased as the greatest inter-latitude heat flux is in the latitudinal range of 30-40 degrees. Heat, moving from low to high latitudes, must pass through the mid-latitudes, creating air movements, including high-speed winds and stormy weather. We should note that, in the past 15 years, the level of the Caspian Sea has risen by 2.1 meters, and continues to rise at 15 cms per year. The average depth of present oceans is 3.8kms, whereas the probable average depth of Cretaceous oceans (80 million years ago) was only 2.5kms. During an ice-age, the global wind patterns change so that cold low-pressure fronts move further, from higher to lower latitudes, and warm humid high-pressure air moves further from lower to higher latitudes, thus the gas emissions and heat naturally accumulate around the Earth’s polar region. The high latitude heat-sinks become intensified. The warm stratospheric belt widens and extends lower. The warm humid tropical air moves more to high latitude sinks and less to high altitude sinks. The mixing and randomization of tropospheric heat energy becomes more pronounced, and global water precipitation increases significantly, evenly distributing the Earth’s water, setting it up for greater solar repulsion. As previous ice-age weather patterns were relatively simple and stable, we venture a preliminary deduction that present global weather patterns are peculiar to an inter-glacial period. During the Earth’s emergence from the last ice-age (which ended about 10,000 years ago), it experienced huge fluctuations of temperature and precipitation. Greenland ice-core analysis indicate that these shifts happened within a few years. The analysis also indicate that, during the Eemean interglacial period (115,000-135,000 years ago), average temperature shifted by 10 degrees C (or more) within 10 years or so. When these research findings are considered in conjunction with volcanism/ice-age correlations, we cannot rule out the possibility that an upsurge of volcanism may bring about a rapid return of ice-age conditions. As ozone is attacked by volcanism (via chlorine and sulfur emissions), ozone deletions have probably occurred in the past. And, as we now have evidence of extreme climate shifts of within less than 10-15 years, we should expand our perspective to include Earth’s natural cooling mechanisms and ventilation system – this is not a pure matter of greenhouse gas emission.

As ice-ages have occurred many times in geological history, and as ice-ages are caused by de-insulating volcanic emissions, it is probable that future upsurges of volcanism will result in future ice-ages and it is unlikely that man-released de-ozoning agents will have any significant effect upon the volcanism/ice-age causation sequence. In other words, the man-release of de-ozoning agents will not prevent the occurrence of ice-ages in future. As ozone depletion has a heating effect, while the de-insulating veil has a cooling effect, the relative altitudes of the ozone and de-insulating layers, become a matter of interest. The ozone layer lies between 11 and 25 kilometers of altitude, while the de-insulating veil lies between 15 and 30 kilometers of altitude. The de-insulating veil is the higher and predominating layer and, during periods of increased volcanism, the stratospheric cooling effect predominates over the stratospheric heating effect. The lower boundary of the stratosphere varies from 17 kms height at the equator to 9 kms near the poles. This raises the question as to what height volcanic emissions must reach in order to enhance the stratospheric de-insulating layer. Winds may carry emissions from very low to very high latitudes. And as the stratospheric veil itself remains in a state of frozen and windless conditions, it is assumed volcanic ejection is the surrounding force that allows the majority of emissions to reach this height, and the sole cause of solar de-insulation.

( Note: Only 25% of the solar energy absorbed by the atmosphere comes directly from above: The major portion of 75% comes from below. If these percentages were perchance reversed, the atmosphere would be stable and the weather would be non-turbulent, this process eventuating the climate conditions necessary for formation of all organic life.)

As the atmosphere is not as transparent to long waves as to short waves consequently it acts as a reservoir of heat. Atmospheric insulation causes the Earth’s surface to be about 40 degrees C warmer than it would be without such insulation. Cooling-effects from such de-insulation are in turn harmful to life, as throughout history, such heating effects of weather from inter-glacial periods have been proliferating for all forms of organic life.

In an overall scenario of global heating (due to the ongoing thermonuclear core explosion) we have an increase of volcanism in the present quaternary period. This volcanism results in an increase of the de-insulating stratospheric layer of sulfurous aerosols and dust. Over the past 10,000 years of human development, there has been a lull of volcanism, during which the de-insulation layer has partly dispersed, resulting in an inter-glacial episode. Now that volcanism is increasing, this episode is coming to an end and we may expect colder average global temperatures in future, and as in the past, we should expect this to happen within 10-20 years via weather changes as precipitation is increased and water is distributed around the earth, as well as the melting of the ice caps.

According to the scientists Budyko, Ronov and Yanshin (‘History of the Earth’s Atmosphere’, published by Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1987), early Earth’s mean air temperatures were:

Million Years Ago Degrees Celsius Million Years Ago Degrees Celsius
500 18 240 20
480 22 220 20
460 21 200 21
440 20 180 22
420 20 160 23
400 19 140 23
380 20 120 23
360 22 100 23
340 26 80 23
320 22 60 21
300 20 40 18
280 21 20 17
260 20 0 15

(Note: The above temperatures were based upon estimates of carbon dioxide in troposphere).

Since the work of Budyko, Ronov and Yanshin, the presence in the stratosphere of a de-insulating aerosol layer has raised the possibility that volcanism may increase de-insulating dust levels, this affecting and increasing the levels of carbon dioxide in troposphere, these temperatures need to be interpreted with this in mind as well as our future’s. Mean surface air temperature cannot be deduced with reference to carbon dioxide incidence alone and this only serves as a general reference to our knowledge of history’s temperature, as always we should broaden our perspective, and include more clues and observations.

As when volcanism reaches a certain high level, its dust levels, in stratosphere, have a cooling effect which is greater than the heating effect caused by its carbon dioxide emissions (Greenhouse effect). Such may have been the case during the past ice ages, our references to past history and temperature are references to Carbon Dioxide content, and as such we apply inference to a core controlled climate system from thermonuclear explosion, which could very well mean our measurements upon previous and future climate implications need to include sulfuric emissions from the thermonuclear explosion, as the sulfuric insulating layer’s properties affect the greenhouse layer’s, we should include both perspectives. It is not easy for global-warming/greenhouse theorists to explain the existence of periods of relatively stable global temperatures at times of continuing increase of greenhouse gas concentration, for instance, the periods 1861-1920 and the mid 1940’s to the early 1970s, it assumed these periods of ‘stable’ influctuation proceed out of sulfuric emissions overriding and affecting greenhouse effects. As the proposed problem with the Aeris Argumentum is solar radiation being absorbed and insulated and as the estimates of the present planetary albedo vary from 31% to 33%. An analysis of the 31% estimate is as follows:

Solar energy reflected back into space

By clouds 21%
By atmospheric scattering 6%
By the Earth’s surface 4%
Total 31%

It is interesting to note that, CFC molecules rise slowly into the stratosphere and then move poleward, being decomposed by photochemical processes into chlorine after an estimated average lifetime of some 55-116 years, man-produced, CFC’s were not released into atmosphere until the 1930s. However, carbon dioxide research shows us that carbon silicates have been present in high quantities in the past, and if we apply our current man-made emissions over today’s situation, global mean temperature is still dropping, and as mean surface air temperature cannot be deduced with reference to carbon dioxide incidence alone implies that man-released carbon emissions do very little compared to the scale of natural sulfuric emissions, and all we have done over the course of history is small compared to that of earth’s ventilation system. We also can assume our man-released emission’s affects have served to counter this insulating decrease, and thus our attempts to release carbon emission’s have only served to warm the planet, and thus preserve life, as volcanic activity releases approximately one billion kilograms of sulfur annually, as sulfur dioxide. The solution itself does not rely in carbon emission’s however, this is not implied by the Aeris Argumentum, what we have are a set of perspectives that tell a story, but ‘proof’ and ‘truth’ and ‘solution’ itself are not developed here.

The evidence (of carbon dioxide levels in marine micro fossils) indicates that the previous interglacial, which ended 75,000 years ago, had high carbon dioxide levels and was even warmer than the present interglacial, but still, this was unable to prevent or preclude the onset of the last ice-age. Current high carbon dioxide levels (and their greenhouse effects) will probably not prevent the onset of another ice-age. As carbon emission’s further ozone depletion, and some scientists have commented that global warming may cause an increase in high-latitude snowfall, leading to an increase in the volume of global ice and a lowering of sea-levels. The warming caused from the greenhouse layer serves to create weather patterns that evenly distribute the surface waters, and atmospheric waters, to the point that the temporary and polar heating only influences a greater and faster ice-age like situation. As water, and ice, like a mirror, reflect solar radiation back into space, thus eventually decreasing temperature even further. A 5% drop in the amount of solar radiation reaching the surface could cause the global mean temperature to fall by as much as five degrees Celsius, and just as we have seen in the past, the Earth has, by means of carbon emission’s and water distribution, influenced global cooling drops to eventuate between 10-15 years – A cooling period only influences more cooling, what offsets these ice-ages, just as what creates them, is the Earth itself, as also noted in the past, core-heat fissures and pressure force more core-heat to the surface thus raising global mean temperature back above that of the evaporation point of water, and the process reverses and repeats. Except in the short-term, biospheric temperature levels will remain unstable for as long as volcanism is intermittent and irregular. And even though there has been a high correlation between temperature levels and carbon dioxide levels over the past 160,000 years, this, of course, is not in itself proof that high levels of carbon dioxide cause global warming or prevent global cooling, especially if we consider the predominating properties of sulfuric gasses. The warmer the oceans, the more carbon dioxide is released from oceans into atmosphere and when the ice sheets began to melt about 16,000 years ago, the quantities of atmospheric carbon dioxide increased rapidly. Marine organisms take up carbon dioxide, and the carbon dioxide of dead land organisms is washed into the oceans. The oceans act like a pump to remove carbon dioxide from the surface and from the atmosphere and abyssal waters are rich in carbon dioxide. Icing of ocean waters reduces the pump action and reduces the amount of carbon dioxide in atmosphere. It may be that, by reason of the oceanic carbon-dioxide pump, warmer global temperatures are associated with higher levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide. However, we may not logically conclude that a high level of carbon dioxide precludes a fall of mean global temperature. If a de-insulation factor causes a fall of global temperature, the level of carbon dioxide would fall. A reduction of atmospheric carbon dioxide does not cause an ice-age: On the other hand, the onset of an ice-age does cause a reduction of atmospheric carbon dioxide. A high level of atmospheric carbon dioxide does not prevent the onset of an ice-age, thus man’s attempts to release carbon emission too will not prevent ice-age onset.

Again, the oceans play a key role in the global carbon cycle and we should include all perspectives of positive/negative fluctuation that affect all emissions. It is estimated that approximately 50% of carbon dioxide produced from fossil-fuel burning is taken up by the oceans. Photosynthesis by phytoplankton generates organic compounds of aqueous carbon dioxide. Eventually, some biologic matter sinks down to deeper waters, where it decomposes and oxidizes into carbon dioxide. This process transfers carbon dioxide from surface waters to deep ocean waters. Oceanic biomass ‘pumps’ carbon dioxide from atmosphere to surface waters and thence to deep ocean waters and the average time for a carbon dioxide molecule to be dissolved in the ocean, or taken up by plants, is about four years – Photosynthetic activity on land involves 50 billion tonnes of carbon annually: This represents 7% of total atmospheric carbon. The major fluxes of atmospheric carbon dioxide are a result of solution/dissolution in the ocean, and photosynthesis/respiration and decomposition by biology. The major reservoirs of carbon are in limestone sediments and fossil fuels on land, and in the world oceans. The atmosphere contains about 750 billion tons of carbon, corresponding to a carbon dioxide concentration of 350 parts per million. It is interesting to note at this point, that the burning of fossil fuels and timber may, via the Greenhouse effects, serve to partially offset the cooling effects of volcanism but in periods of average or above average levels of volcanic sulfur emissions, there is still likely to be a net cooling effect, even given present high levels of man-created carbon-dioxide emissions. The coincidence of the growing ozone hole over Antarctica and the more equatorial orientation of sulfur and dust volcanic emissions (causing reduced insulation), may have the effect of reducing the latitudinal temperature differentials even further however.

There are research indications that variations in the oxygen-16/oxygen-18 ratio, in ocean-waters, provide a reliable record of global changes in ice-sheet volume. During glaciation, the lighter oxygen-16 evaporates more readily from the oceans and is ‘locked’ into the great ice-sheets. The late Precambrian ice-age (of approximately 700 million years ago) brought the greatest glaciation the Earth has ever experienced. Nearly half of the planet was covered with ice. The onset of the ice-age was probably associated with a major period of volcanism, and our measurements of oxygen-16/oxygen-18 correlate with this observation. The onset of an ice-age is accompanied by a steady lowering of global sea-levels, to approximately 650 feet lower levels at the peak of ice-age glaciation. The amount of sea-ice in the Arctic varies from over three million square miles in the summer to nearly twice that amount in the winter. The greater the salinity of the Arctic Ocean, the greater the amount of icing. As with the rest of the observations included in the Aeris Argumentum, ice-blocking of the Bering Strait would indicate that ice-age re-entry was well under way.

Total world water is estimated at 331 million cubic miles, distributed as follows:

Oceans and seas 97.389 %
Ice 1.830 %
Lakes and rivers .016 %
Groundwater less than 2,500ft deep .339 %
Groundwater more than 2,500ft deep .425 %
Water in atmosphere .001 %

Of the total global land area, 57,000,000 square miles, approximately 5,700,000 is presently under ice, whereas, 20,000 years ago, approximately 15,400,000 square miles was under ice. 20,000 years ago, ice as thick as 10,000 feet covered Canada, Greenland, and Northern Europe. The Antarctic ice sheet was 10% larger than its present size. Icebergs and drift-ice covered half of the oceans. During the current interglacial period, the global mean temperature optimum of 16.5 degrees C was experienced about 470 million years ago. A trough of 13.5 degrees C was experienced about 330 million years ago; a trough of 12.5 degrees C was experienced about 80 million years ago; and a trough of 12.5 degrees C was experienced from 1400AD to 1800AD (the ‘little ice age’). From 1939 to 1978, global mean temperature fell by 0.6 degrees C. Thus our increase of emissions have done very little to slow cooling trends, due to the properties of the gasses that serve to insulate the Earth as recent research indicates that decreased insulation from greater volcanic dust and sulfur in stratosphere, tends to override and dominate over Greenhouse effects, and as the mass of natural aerosols in atmosphere is estimated to be 4-5 times greater than the mass of man-produced aerosols in atmosphere, on a global scale, cooling attempts still prevail. Carbon Dioxide emission only temporary off-sets the cooling trend, to a point where it begins to lend a hand at colder progression, via el nino and increased distribution of water via weather, and thus reflection of solar radiation – Our global mean temperature still drops, regardless of our miniscule attempts to warm the atmosphere, and even when combined with the Earth’s own release of carbon silicates, the temperature continues on a downward trend. As such, future political and economic spending’s to decrease emissions are not only Ill-advised, but even futile to organic life. The greatest of extinctions have occurred during periods of ice-age, and as the heating will ultimately only influence a greater and faster cooling trend, this cooling scenario is unavoidable and now our perception will change forward and incorporate history of extinction, to provide predictive reference and inference.

The first glacial period took place about 2 billion years ago, during the early Proterozoic era. Glaciations occurred during the late Ordovician (of approximately 440 million years ago), and the Carboniferous (of approximately 330 million years ago and also 290 million years ago). These glaciations seem to have been associated with substantial reductions of atmospheric carbon dioxide. There was also a great deal of subduction of ocean floors underneath continental margins. During the Phanerozoic, there have been five major mass extinctions – the Ordovician (440 million years ago), the Devonian (365 million years ago), the Permian (240 million years ago), the Triassic (210 million years ago), and the cretaceous (65 million years ago). In addition, there have been five minor extinctions during this same period. Episodes of extinction occurred roughly every 24-32 million years, and longer periods of 80-90 million years between major extinctions. Long-period extinctions may be associated with the sun’s revolution around the universe. If the solar system moved through galactic dust, this would cause cooling, and greater exposure to radiation would also be inimical to life, let alone the volcanic activity of the past. The elliptical nature of the Earth’s orbit around the sun, and also the axis-wobble phenomenon, may be contributing factors of ice-age initiation, or of temperature fluctuations within ice-ages. The maunder minimum, a 70-year sunspot cessation (1645 – 1715 AD) has been suggested as a contributing cause of the ‘little ice age’. 11-14 year solar radiation cycles from the sun also naturally serve toward ozone depletion. Studies done on past ice-ages also indicate solar cycle influence providing evidence of reoccurring patterns and measurements that directly correlate with solar sunspot cycles and periods of 11, 22 and 90 years, thus indicating a link between solar activity and Earth’s climate during this period. Solar influences themselves naturally create ozone depletion, causing this natural fluctuation of heating to cooling. The number of sunspots peak soon after the beginning of each 14-year cycle, and decays to a minimum level of activity in 11 years, naturally creating increasing ozone depletion.

It is safe to assume past and present entrances and exits from the various ice-ages were not man influenced, nor will man-influence sway the galactic causation of such events to stop, our attempts are minor in the grand scale of things, and at best serve to preserve our survival, as every moment we can stall the process, gives us a moment to think, to create solutions and broaden our perspective, and instead of arguing over emission’s and laws, perhaps change our perception forward, and develop solutions to our future. Regardless of our emissions, these climate patterns and changes have taken place in the past, and are in fact eventuating here before our very eyes. We should keep our eyes forward, and hand pressed firmly against the acceleration throttle, using the perspectives we have collected to create the future.


Future Implications

As previously discussed, rapid heating of the mantle 180 million years ago caused by the core explosion, resulted in huge volcanic eruptions and the uplifting of new lands associated with a major expansion of mantle volume and Earth surface area and thus atmospheric capacity. It also increased the carbon dioxide content of the atmosphere and created a warm, moist biosphere favorable to organic life, as the volcanic emissions stack above and beyond greenhouse capacity to influence heating, human emissions, though small in comparison, serve to preserve life and thus survival.

Here are some notes re Antarctica:

  • 50 million years ago – Australia separates from Antarctica.
  • 27 million years ago – Small glaciers are widespread in Antarctica.
  • 10 million years ago – The Antarctic ice sheet forms.
  • 5 million years ago – The Antarctic ice sheet expands.

(Note: Ice sheets did not appear in the Northern Hemisphere until 2.5 million years ago)

Temperatures beneath an ice sheet can be much warmer than the surface due to mantle warmth and to higher pressures. This causes instability of Antarctic ice, leading to the calving of icebergs. The calvings of very large icebergs have increased dramatically since 1988: This may be a sign that the Earth’s crust is warming up, due to core-explosion heat reaching the surface. The west and east Antarctic ice sheets are presently rather unstable. If, by reason of underlying melt-water, the ice sheets start to slide, the climate of the southern hemisphere would be cooled rather drastically and sea levels may then rise. A New Zealand scientist (A.T. Wilson) suggested, in 1964, that an abrupt sliding of large portions of the Antarctic ice sheet into the ocean could trigger climatic changes leading to an ice age. (Note: Such an occurrence should be seen as an aspect, rather than as a prime cause, of global cooling). The heating conditions themselves from the greenhouse emission’s only create conditions that prime and eventuate further cooling progression processes. We discuss ice sheets for the purpose to relate to solar activity and create a branch of proposition between astrophysics of Venus and Earth, due to similar thermonuclear processes, inferences are implied, and tie our propositions together. About 75% of Australia was covered by thick ice sheets, during the Precambrian ice age of approximately 680 million years ago. Lake-bed sediments, called ‘varves’, show distinct bands of mud and silt. These varves appear to mimic the solar cycle, with periods of 11, 22 and 90 years, thus indicating a link between solar activity and Earth’s climate during this period. Solar influences themselves naturally create ozone depletion, causing this natural fluctuation of heating to cooling. And as the number of sunspots peak soon after the beginning of each 14-year cycle, and decays to a minimum level of activity in 11 years, naturally ozone depletion too increases.

Within Antarctica, entire mountain ranges are covered by ice up to three miles deep. The total amount of ice in Antarctica is about 5.75 million cubic miles. About 1.8% of all Earth’s water is locked up in the two polar ice caps. The annual snowfall of Antarctica is only about 600 millimeters, or the equivalent of about 75 millimeters of rain. There does not appear to be any geological evidence for polar ice, of any large quantity, until about 40 million years ago. The lithosphere is heating up, and the ocean-floor crust and deep ocean-waters are warming. The major factor, bearing on present and future world weather, is Earth expansion, causing increased volcanism, causing greater quantities of volcanic dust in the stratosphere, causing a significant reduction of insulation.

The Earth has set itself up for another cooling period, it is inevitable, the surface area of the Earth is 197 million square miles and the surface area of the oceans is 140 million square miles. 71% of the Earth’s surface is covered by oceans. The average depth of all oceans is 12,500 feet. The volume of the ocean waters is 331.4 million cubic miles. As the Earth’s volume is 258,156 million cubic miles, the ocean waters are approximately 1/779 part of Earth’s volume. As Earth’s average density is 5.53, the ocean waters are approximately 1/4308 part of Earth’s mass. Earth’s mass is approx. 6,000 billion tons, of which the ocean waters are approx. 1.393 billion tons. Underground water is estimated at 10 million cubic kilometers: This is about 46 times as much as all fresh water and salt water lakes, and about 8,400 times as much as in the rivers. The atmosphere weighs 5.6 x 10 to the 15th tons, and forms an aerial current, carrying the weather from west to east. The amount of water in atmosphere is only about a one thousandth part of 1% of the total amount of the Earth’s water. If it were all condensed, it would cover the surface of the Earth only to 25mm of depth. The average annual precipitation is about 1 meter. The water vapor remains in atmosphere for an average of only nine days. The average annual evaporation from the oceans is 1.25 meters. Throughout Earth-history, it has been rare for the poles to be covered with ice but, during the past 2 million years, the poles have been continually iced, the water is continuing to spread, along with the earth’s expansion. The primary cause of this icing as proposed by the Aeris Argumentum has been the greater incidence of volcanic emissions and their de-insulating effect (via the stratospheric veil). And as weather patterns only begin to spread the water around the Earth, more and more solar radiation will be reflected, thus reinforcing cooling patterns below the evaporation point of water, and freezing would become greater and greater. Again, let us focus on the future of our network, with or without our intentions these things have happened now as well as in the past, and as such, forward thought processes should be prioritized instead of focuses of blame, as the Earth has naturally set itself up for periods of intense climate change even without human emissions.


Economic Implications


The green scheme masquerades itself in deceit, only applying a limited number of models to climate change in order to influence social acceptance, in order to generate profits – A niche/hype scheme. The whole truth is these drastic climate changes have occurred before human evolution, and supplying evidence to support a small area of blame on humanity, in turn leads to greater economic justification, however, it is not the whole truth.


The refrigeration industry is one of the largest, as is the automotive industry, most socialized countries use fossil fuel burning vehicles as means of transportation, and fluoro-carbonated refrigerants to remove heat from air conditioning devices. One of the monopolizing companies involved in the production of refrigerant is Dupont, the world leader in refrigerant production, and byfar the most profitable organization in refrigeration. As 2010 nears, we welcome the new laws influenced by the green scheme, but not only does the decietful information provided to society acclude to these new laws, but Dupont’s newly invented refrigerant, which is not a CFC, also gets incorporated and pushed accross societies. Along with Duponts new refrigerant, which is 4-8x more expensive than previous refrigerants, you have a whole new line of refrigerant devices, and compressors, which have to be used and thus purchased in order to pump the new freon, and thus, next year all refrigerant problems will lead to a huge market/profit increase in not only refrigerant, but also mechanical refrigeration devices – New equipment and new refrigerant. It is the argument of the Aeris Argumentum to provide evidence, for monopoly, in order to justify deciet, and with the combined momentum of such huge organized monopolies, we have new laws, and thus we ignore the whole truth. We should look forward, past the culprits and masquerades of deceit, incorporate more perspectives, shut off the televisions or atleast question their motives, as the argued in the Aeris Argumentum, decreasing greenhouse emission only serves to cool the Earth, which it has already started to do to itself – These economic provisions are futile to organic life, and estimated dates of 10 years before these plans are fulfilled is still not enough to sway the Earth’s natural plans for itself, which according to data accumulated, should be in obvious Ice-Age status by 2020. This smokescreen only occludes truth, and points focuses of blame toward human emission in order to sway profits from a naturally occurring event. Let it be known, the whole truth is being limited here, and our emissions are extremely minor compared to the Earth’s own natural carbon and sulfuric emissions, even if we stop our emissions, the scenario will continue, and grow progressively cooler.

Sites/blogs of particular interest, containing multiple perspectives on our climate scenario.
http://climateaudit.org/

http://www.brighton73.freeserve.co.uk/gw/globalwarmingfaq.htm

http://www.realclimate.org/